Coro Energy plc, the Southeast Asian focused upstream oil and gas company, is pleased to announce an update on operations at the Tambak-1 well in the Duyung Production Sharing Contract ("PSC"), offshore Indonesia, in which Coro holds a 15% interest.
The Tambak-1 well was designed to both appraise the Mako gas field and test the underlying Tambak exploration prospect.
Following the drill stem test ("DST") at Tambak-1, which flowed dry gas at a maximum flow rate of 11.4 MMscf/d, operations have now concluded, resulting in the highly successful appraisal of the Mako gas field. The Tambak-1 well encountered 24 metres of intra-Muda reservoir sandstones at a depth of 389 metres true vertical depth sub-sea ("mTVDSS"), confirmed a common gas-water contact across the field and culminated in a DST reflecting the potential deliverability of the Mako reservoir.
The well was deepened beneath the Mako field to a depth of 1,543 mTVDSS to test the Tambak exploration prospect. The well encountered multiple sandstone intervals in the Lower Gabus section as predicted, with corresponding hydrocarbon shows seen while drilling. However, petrophysical interpretation of wireline log data has concluded that these sandstones have low gas saturations and attempts to collect fluid samples and pressure data demonstrate low permeabilities.
The well is currently being plugged and abandoned as planned, prior to the Asian Endeavour 1 rig being demobilised. Overall, the drilling campaign has been completed within the expected time frame and within budget.
· A 24 metre intra-Muda sandstone section encountered, substantially thicker than predicted
· A well-developed 17 metre upper section of high permeability and good porosity sandstone, notably thicker than seen elsewhere in the Mako field, together with a lower sandstone unit of 7 metres
· A well-defined gas-water contact at 393 mTVDSS, consistent with that seen in all other wells on the structure
· Reservoir pressure data confirms Mako field to be a simple, single gas tank system
· A cased hole DST conducted between 389 and 391 mTVDSS resulted in a maximum flow rate of 11.4 MMscf/d confirming the deliverability of the Mako reservoir
· The Lower Gabus reservoirs in the underlying Tambak prospect were found to have low gas saturations and poor reservoir characteristics
James Menzies, CEO commented:
"We are very pleased with the flow test results announced today and the appraisal results overall from this drilling campaign, which confirms the Mako field as being a very valuable gas resource. The data demonstrates the excellent reservoir characteristics across a huge areal extent, with good porosity, high permeability and the DST has again demonstrated the deliverability of the Mako reservoir. The DST is particularly significant as the test was conducted through cased hole and less than 2 metres of reservoir section perforated. This is in contrast to the previous DST at Mako South-1 which saw a substantially larger section tested in open hole. This provides a valid completion alternative for field development.
We are delighted with the additional resource that has been proved up in the Mako field as a result of this campaign which we believe enhances the commercial attractiveness of the project. Coro management estimate that the campaign has demonstrated a gross resource addition of at least 100 Bcf and we look forward to the independent assessment of field resources which will follow."
Mako Gas Field Appraisal Campaign
As previously announced, Tambak-2, the initial well of the two well campaign was a 13.5 km step out from the original Mako South-1 discovery well. Tambak-2 encountered 10 metres of high quality gas-bearing reservoir intra-Muda sandstones, representing a better developed reservoir than seen in the discovery well. It also confirmed a common gas-water contact and pressure system across the Mako structure, which covers an area of approximately 350 square km.
The Tambak-1 well, located on the north-east flank of the Mako structure, was designed to appraise the field limits. The well encountered 24 metres of excellent quality intra-Muda sandstones, exhibiting the gas-water contact in the reservoir section, with 5 metres of sandstones in the gas leg. The gas-water contact was consistent with other wells on the Mako field structure and pressure data again confirming a common pressure system across the field.
A cased hole DST was conducted across a 2 metre interval of intra-Muda reservoir in the Tambak-1 well. A section between 389 and 391 mTVDSS was perforated and flowed dry gas at a rate of 11.4 MMscf/d on a 2.8 inch choke with well head tubing pressure being maintained at 225 psi. Onsite gas composition analysis confirmed this to be high quality, dry, sweet natural gas.
An independent review by Gaffney Cline & Associates previously ascribed gross 2C resources of 276 Bcf (48.78 MMboe) of recoverable dry gas in the Mako field with gross 3C resources of 392 Bcf (69.3 MMboe) representing additional field upside. Coro management estimate that the drilling campaign has demonstrated a significant increase in gross resources in the Mako field and will result in an additional increase of at least 100 Bcf in the 2C resource category, reflecting an upgrade of at least 35% in total gross 2C resources.
Tambak Exploration Results
The Tambak-2 well was drilled to a total depth of 1,544 mTVDSS, encountering several sand bodies in the Lower Gabus section, with associated gas shows while drilling. Individual sand bodies were 3 to 15 metres in thickness with average porosities in the range of 5% - 15%. Following wireline logging, pressure surveying and fluid sampling, a petrophysical evaluation concluded that these sandstones contained low gas saturation levels of between 20% - 30% and is likely to represent residual gas. The sandstones were of very poor reservoir quality, having very low permeabilities of circa 1 to 3 millidarcies. While not commercial, the exploration results provide clear evidence of an active petroleum system underlying the base Muda unconformity, which is encouraging for future exploration within the Duyung PSC.
The valuable information collected from this campaign will be used to revisit the resource estimates for the field. The Duyung PSC partners will be commissioning an independent assessment of resources, which we currently expect to be completed in Q1 2020.
Following this work, the marketing of Mako gas will continue. Further details will be provided in due course.
Empyrean Energy Plc, the oil and gas development company with interests in China, Indonesia and the United States, is pleased to provide an operational update in relation to the drilling campaign in the Duyung PSC in the West Natuna basin, offshore Indonesia, in which Empyrean holds an 8.5% interest.
The Tambak-1 well, located approximately 4.5 km north of the Mako South-1 well, was designed to both appraise the Mako gas field and test the underlying Tambak exploration prospect.
Following a drill stem test ("DST") at Tambak-1, which flowed dry gas at 11.4 MMscf/d on a 181/64 inch (2.8 inch) choke with well head tubing pressure being maintained at 225psi, operations have now concluded, resulting in the highly successful appraisal of the Mako gas field. The Tambak-1 well encountered 82 feet of total intra-Muda reservoir sandstones with 56 feet of better quality upper sandstone, confirmed a common gas-water contact across the field and culminated in the DST demonstrating the potential deliverability of the Mako reservoir.
The well was deepened beneath the Mako field to a depth of 5,062 feet true vertical depth sub-sea ("TVDSS") to test the Tambak exploration prospect. The well encountered multiple sandstone intervals in the Lower Gabus section as predicted, with corresponding hydrocarbon shows seen while drilling. However, petrophysical interpretation of wireline log data has concluded that these sandstones have low gas saturations and attempts to collect fluid samples and pressure data demonstrate low permeabilities.
The well is currently being plugged and abandoned, as originally planned, prior to the Asian Endeavour 1 rig being demobilised. Overall, the drilling campaign has been completed within the expected time frame and within budget.
There is more comprehensive well data that still needs to be retrieved from down hole tools and gauges. All of the data will then be analysed and updated into static and dynamic models for the field.
Tom Kelly, Empyrean CEO commented, "The appraisal drilling at Mako has been a tremendous success. Better quality reservoir, with thicker sands and a gas water contact that is now confirmed from logging to provide a 5 feet uplift in aerial tank size to the Mako discovery. We have also successfully trialled a behind casing DST over a small 6 feet interval that provided an excellent flow rate and demonstrates deliverability of gas from Mako at a different location to the successful Mako South-1 discovery well using behind casing perforations versus the open hole test of Mako South-1. These developments will substantially add to the attractiveness of the Mako field for development. Whilst the deeper exploration result is disappointing, the potential for a very significant uplift in overall tank size and ultimately potential recoverable resources has been demonstrated at Mako. We look forward to updating shareholders on both internal resource work and external resource estimates as they come to hand."